Phonological Deviations in English and Punjabi by Punjabi Native Speakers: A Contrastive Analysis
Author(s) : Zeeshan Haider , Wadhi Shahpur , Mahnoor Khalid
This research study has been conducted to study the phonological deviations made by native Punjabi speakers while speaking English. Specifically, this study is concerned with the articulation of consonant clusters on the onset position in a syllable. Contrastive Analysis Approach has been applied for this research study in which the phonology of Punjabi and English languages has been compared to find the root of the error. The sample of the study consists of 20 undergraduate native Punjabi participants of Sargodha by using a mixed sampling technique. 10 participants from 2 colleges had been taken from each college by using purposive sampling technique to ensure that they were native speakers of Punjabi. English Sounds Pronunciation Passage (ESPP) given by Akinsola and Olaosebikan (2019) has been used in the study to answer the research questions. The findings of the study show that the female undergraduate native Punjabi speakers of Punjabi language do commit errors when they articulate consonant cluster on onset position in a syllable under the influence of the native language of the speakers (Punjabi).
Keywords: native language, purposive sampling technique, ESPP, Contrastive Analysis Approach